BUSINESS/Organizations Pg 2


Years 1800


Often times when  a need arises, a person with foresight and drive, forms an organization to service other human beings.

Many great organizations survived and flourished through the ages, first started by Christians.


Businesses A-Z










Action for Children (formerly National Children’s Home) (founded 1869) is a UK children’s charity committed to helping vulnerable and neglected children and young people, and their families, throughout the UK.

The first "Children's Home" was founded in 1869 by Methodist minister Thomas Bowman Stephenson who had been moved by the fate of street children in London.

It became an adoption agency in 1926 and expanded to work outside the UK in 1969, supporting children's social care development in southern Africa, the Caribbean and Central America.[7]

The charity changed its name to "NCH Action for Children " in 1994 and to "Action for Children" in September 2008. The name changes reflected a shift away from providing children's homes (most of which have now closed) to a wider range of services.[9]

Action for Children is a major provider of family support services, and works in partnership with local authorities across the UK


Action for Children runs specialist projects for disabled children and those with learning and behavioural difficulties


Action for Children is a registered adoption agency and also provides fostering schemes

Action for Children works with the most disadvantaged young people in society.

Action for Children runs a number of schools for children and young people with disabilities, profound and multiple learning difficulties (PMLD) and challenging behaviour (including social or emotional problems).

Action for Children campaigns and lobbies governments on behalf of vulnerable, disadvantaged and neglected children and young people and their families.

Action for Children raises money through corporate partnerships, fundraising events (such as sponsored runs) and through its partnership with the British Methodist Church.[23]

Barnardo Homes

Barnardo’s homes (founded 1886) is a worldwide orphanage system and was founded by Thomas John Barnardo, a committed Christian and Lutheran convert.

Children's Aid



Charles Loring Brace (June 19, 1826 in Litchfield, Connecticut - August 11, 1890) Brace was raised as a Calvinist, and was serving as a minister to the poor of Blackwell's Island before pursuing humintarian efforts. He was a contributing philanthropist in the field of social reform. He is considered a father of the modern foster care movement and was most renowned for starting the Orphan Train movement of the mid-19th Century, and for founding The Children's Aid Society.


Hope UK est. 1847

Hope UK is a national Christian charity, England, which educates children and young people about drug and alcohol abuse.

The Band of Hope was first proposed by Rev. Jabez Tunnicliff, who was a Baptist minister in Leeds, following the death in June 1847 of a young man whose life was cut short by alcohol.

It began as the Band of Hope in 1847 in Leeds, to teach children the importance and principles of sobriety and "teetotalism"

In 1855, a national organization was formed amidst an explosion of Band of Hope work. Meetings were held in churches throughout the UK and included Christian teaching.




Jane Addams (September 6, 1860 – May 21, 1935) was known as the "mother" of social work.  She was a Christian, Presbyterian, and was inspired when reading about the the early Christians.

Jane Addams was the first American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize.    Also co-founded the first settlement house in the US.  The Settlement Movement sought to bridge the gap between rich and poor in society.




Mothers Union


Supporting mothers and families worldwide - The Mothers' Union  (founded 1876)

Mothers’ Union is an international Christian charity that seeks to support families worldwide. It's main aim is to support marriage and family life, especially through times of adversity.

It is particularly concerned with the plight of women in the world, its' projects include literacy and development, parenting, micro finance and campaigning against violence against women and the trafficking of women.


The Mothers' Union is part of Make Poverty History and the Jubilee Debt Coalition.

George Müller






George Müller (born Johann Georg Ferdinand Müller, 27 September 1805 – 10 March 1898) was a Christian evangelist and the director of the Ashley Down orphanage in Bristol, England.

Mueller  took no salary for himself. By 1870 his orphanages had multiplied and they were caring for two thousand children. 

He was well-known for providing an education to the children under his care, to the point where he was accused by some of “raising the poor above their natural station in life.”   


Orphan Train



Charles Loring Brace (June 19, 1826 in Litchfield, Connecticut - August 11, 1890) Brace was raised as a Calvinist, and was serving as a minister to the poor of Blackwell's Island before pursuing humanitarian efforts. He was a contributing philanthropist in the field of social reform. He is considered a father of the modern foster care movement and was most renowned for starting the Orphan Train movement of the mid-19th Century, and for founding The Children's Aid Society.

The Orphan Train Movement was a supervised welfare program that transported orphaned and homeless children from crowded Eastern cities of the United States to foster homes located largely in rural areas of the Midwest. The orphan trains operated between 1854 and 1929, relocating about 200,000 orphaned, abandoned, abused, or homeless children.


Salvation Army est. 1865








Salvation Army 

Soon after beginning his ministerial career in England in 1852, William Booth abandoned the concept of the traditional church pulpit in favor of taking the gospel of Jesus Christ directly to the people. Walking the streets of London, he preached to the poor, the homeless, the hungry, and the destitute.

The Salvation Army is a Protestant Christian church and an international charitable organisation. Their mission statement reads:

The Salvation Army, an international movement, is an evangelical part of the universal Christian church. Its message is based on the Bible. Its ministry is motivated by the love of God. Its mission is to preach the gospel of Jesus Christ and to meet human needs in His name without discrimination.

The organisation reports a worldwide membership of over 1.7 million, consisting of soldiers, officers and adherents collectively known as Salvationists.


Its founders, Catherine and William Booth, sought to bring salvation to the poor, destitute, and hungry by meeting both their "physical and spiritual needs".


It is present in 131 countries, running charity shops, operating shelters for the homeless and disaster relief and humanitarian aid to developing countries.

Save The Children







Eglantyne Jebb 1876-1928

During her twenties, Eglantyne Jebb saw a vision of Christ that was a life changing experience and it had deeply affected her. It entered her heart during the rest of her life. Whenever she faced a challenge or possibly impossible situation, she would ask herself: "What would Christ do."

Jebb was appalled by newspaper photos of starving children of  war torn countries and became determined to do something about it. She started "Save the Children", and nearly 100 years later, her legacy continues.



London Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (London SPCC) 
is a charity campaigning and working for child protection in the United Kingdom and the Channel Islands.

SPCC (Prevention of Cruelty to Children) (founded in 1884) is the UK’s first law to protect children from abuse and neglect.  Lord Shaftsbury and Rev B. Waugh were cofounders.


John Wanamaker
Founder of World's First Department Store

John Wanamaker (July 11, 1838 – December 12, 1922) was an American merchant and religious, civic and political figure, considered by some to be a proponent of advertising and a "pioneer in marketing".[1] 


He was born in PhiladelphiaPennsylvania, and served as U.S. Postmaster General.

He built the first Department Store.

Department store business

Wanamaker opened his first store in 1861, in partnership with his brother in-law Nathan Brown, called "Oak Hall", at Sixth and Market Streets in Philadelphia, adjacent to the site of George Washington's Presidential home. Oak Hall grew substantially based on Wanamaker's then-revolutionary principle: "One price and goods returnable". In 1869, he opened his second store at 818 Chestnut Street and capitalizing on his own name (due to the untimely death of his brother-in-law) and growing reputation, renamed the company John Wanamaker & Co. In 1875, he purchased an abandoned railroad depot and converted it into a large store, called John Wanamaker & Co. "The Grand Depot". Wanamaker's is considered the first department store in Philadelphia.

Wanamaker Building

A large 12-story granite store in Philadelphia, known as the "Wanamaker Building", designed by famous Chicago architect Daniel H. Burnham, was completed in 1910 and dedicated by US President William Howard Taft. The store stands on the site of "The Grand Depot", encompassing an entire block at the corner of Thirteenth and Market Streets across from Philadelphia's City Hall. The new store, The Wanamaker Building, which still stands today, became a Philadelphia institution and has remained an integral part of the Philadelphia culture. The upper office tower began marketing itself as the Wanamaker Office Building in 2018.

Grand Court

The Wanamaker Building's most notable feature is its 12-story, marble-clad central atrium, commonly known as the Grand Court. The Grand Court quickly became a Philadelphia favorite, highlighted by the Wanamaker Eagle and the Wanamaker Grand Court Organ. Among other things of note, the Grand Court has been featured in major motion pictures, such as: "Nasty Habits"(1977), "Mannequin"(1987), "Blow Out"(1981), and "12 Monkeys"(1995).

Wanamaker Organ













The Wanamaker Grand Court Organ was designed by George Ashdown Audsley and built by the Los Angeles Art Organ Company for the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair.


This heroic instrument had more than 10,000 pipes, and cost $105,000 to construct. Wanamaker bought the organ in 1909 and had it transported from St. Louis aboard 13 freight cars. The organ's installation took two years and it was played for the first time on June 22, 1911 to coincide with England's King George V's coronation.


More than 8,000 pipes were added to the organ between 1911 and 1917. By 1930, an additional 10,000 pipes were installed, bringing the total number of pipes today to 28,500. The instrument is of the American Symphonic school of design, intended to combine traditional organ resources with the tone colors and beauty of the symphony orchestra.


Once a year, usually in June, "Wanamaker Organ Day" is held, which is a free recital which lasts most of the day.[7]

["While earning a profit, John earned respect from his customers. He promoted his practices with slogans. One of them was, “Courtesy is the one coin you can never have too much of or be stingy with.” Another was, “When a customer enters my store, forget me. He is king.”...

Other ideas included taking out the first full-page newspaper ad, having a “white sale” and offering seasonal specials. Everything he did conformed to his Christian beliefs. His practices also fit another of his slogans, “Keep up the old standards, and day by day raise them higher.”..

John took care of his employees too. He initiated educational and recreational opportunities for them. They could also enjoy the concerts and other special events he hosted at his stores....

John served in politics. When Benjamin Harrison became president of the United States, he expressed his respect for John by appointing him postmaster general. John accepted and greatly helped the postal system during his years in office"....*]


Historical note: In 2006, the original Wanamaker’s became a Macy’s store.




* - William E. Richardson

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YMCA est. 1844


George Williams, Founder of the first YMCA, was born in Somerset, England on 11 October 1821.


In 1836 he moved to London to work as an apprentice to a Draper, and by 1841 was working as a Draper’s. He stayed in the accommodation provided by the firm in the same building, and became one of the 150,000 young men like him that crowded the city of London.

On 6th June 1844, George Williams, together with ten Christian young men, established the YMCA

“Our object is the improvement of the spiritual condition of the young men engaged in houses of business, by the formation of Bible classes, family and social prayer meetings, mutual improvement societies, or any other spiritual agency.”

The YMCA has become a home and ministry to young people in our society.