Government Pg 2




Without laws there would be chaos and mayhem. Laws are based on morals passed down through the ages through Judeo-Christian history.

The dignity of human life, common decency, and the support of traditional family values have been the backbone to society and are crucial to society. It has been witnessed and experienced that the break down of the family is the break down of society.

Government laws and the judicial system must uphold the underlining values. Today, in the Twenty First Century, these very values are under attack.




Charles Carroll of Carrollton









Charles Carroll (September 19, 1737 – November 14, 1832), known as Charles Carroll of Carrollton or Charles Carroll III to distinguish him from his similarly named relatives, was a wealthy Maryland planter and an early advocate of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain and one of the signers of the American Declaration of Independence. He is sometimes referred to as a Founding Fathers of the United States of America, although he was not involved in framing the United States Constitution. He served as a delegate to the Continental Congress and Confederation Congress and later as first United States Senator for Maryland. He was the sole Catholic signer of the Declaration of Independence.

Carroll was the wealthiest, the longest-lived survivor, and possessed the highest formal education of all of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. A product of his 17-year Jesuit education in France, Carroll spoke five languages fluently.

Born in Annapolis, Maryland, Carroll inherited vast agricultural estates and was regarded as the wealthiest man in the American colonies when the American Revolution commenced in 1775. His personal fortune at this time was reputed to be 2,100,000 pounds sterling; the equivalent of $465,000,000 in USD in 2018. In addition, Carroll presided over his manor in Maryland; a 10,000 acre estate that included approximately 1,000 African slaves whom he later freed. 

Though barred from holding office in Maryland due to his religion, being Catholic, Carroll emerged as a leader of the state's movement for independence. NOTE: "Anti-Catholicism in the United States is historically deeply rooted in the anti-Catholic attitudes brought by British Protestants to the American colonies." 

He was a delegate to the Annapolis Convention and was selected as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1776.

Carroll served in the Maryland Senate from 1781 to 1800. He was elected as one of Maryland's inaugural representatives in the United States Senate, but resigned from the United States Senate in 1792 after Maryland passed a law barring individuals from simultaneously serving in state and federal office. 

After retiring from public office, he helped establish the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. He was the longest-lived and last surviving signatory of the Declaration of Independence, dying 56 years after the document was signed.

Signing of the Declaration of Independence:

Every member of the Continental Congress who signed this document automatically became a criminal, guilty of sedition against King George III. 

Carroll was elected to the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, and remained a delegate until 1778. 
His signature reads "Charles Carroll of Carrollton", to distinguish him from his father "Charles Carroll of Annapolis", who was still living at that time, and several other Charles Carrollsin Maryland, such as Charles Carroll, Barrister, or his son Charles Carroll, Jr., also known as Charles Carroll of Homewood. He is usually referred to this way by historians.

 Thomas Fitzsimons








Thomas Fitzsimons.jpg

Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Pennsylvania's At-large district


Thomas Fitzsimons (1741–1811) was an American merchant and statesman of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. He represented Pennsylvania in the Continental Congress, the Constitutional Convention, and the U.S. Congress.

He was born in Ireland in 1741 and in 1760 he immigrated to Philadelphia where his father soon died, looking for religious freedom.

He married Catherine Meade on November 23, 1761 and formed a business partnership with her brother George (grandfather of Civil War general George Meade). Their firm, which specialized in the West Indies trade, would successfully operate for over 41 years.

He was one of the deputies who met in conference in Carpenter's Hall, Philadelphia, out of which conference grew the Continental Congress that assembled 4 Sept., 1774, and of which he was a member. His election as one of the Provincial Deputies in July, 1774, is the first instance of a Catholic being named for a public office in Pennsylvania.  Note: "Anti-Catholicism in the United States is historically deeply rooted in the anti-Catholic attitudes brought by British Protestants to the American colonies." 

Thomas Fitzsimons entered active politics as a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1782 and 1783. He was a member of Pennsylvania's House of Representatives from 1786 until 1795.

He was also a delegate to the U.S. Constitutional Convention in 1787. 

In 1796, FitzSimons, along with James Innes of Virginia, was appointed by President John Adams to serve as one of two American members on the five-man debt commission charged under Article VI the Jay Treaty with examining the claims of British subjects unable to collect debts that were incurred by Americans prior to the American Revolution.

Fitzsimmons died on August 26, 1811 in Philadelphia, where he was buried in the cemetery of St. Mary's Catholic Church, which is in present-day Independence National Historical Park.

The records of Congress show that he was among the very first, if not the first, to advocate the fundamental principles of a protective tariff system to help American industries.​